WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Diabetes. Nearly one in ten people have it. Diabetes used to be referred to as “sugar diabetes”. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Sometimes there’s confusion between the two types. In this blog we explain the difference, so read on.
WHAT IS DIABETES?
Let's start by explaining exactly what diabetes is. When you have diabetes, your body can’t keep your blood sugar levels balanced. In a healthy person, this is accurately controlled by the hormone insulin. Insulin makes sure that sugar gets from your blood to your cells. Someone with diabetes has little or no insulin, so the sugar remains in the blood. This causes problems, especially in the longer term. Fortunately, nowadays there are several treatments that keep type 1 and type 2 diabetes reasonably under control.
WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABETES?
Type 1 diabetes is a form of diabetes that cannot be prevented. It’s caused when a person’s immune system destroys the cells that are supposed to create insulin. So the body itself is no longer able to make insulin and move the sugar. Thankfully, there are several ways to control type 1 diabetes. Which way is best differs from person to person of course. Often an insulin pump or sensor is used.
WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Type 2 is by far the most common, with nine out of ten diabetic patients having type 2. You aren’t born with this type of diabetes. There are many factors that can play a role. A history of diabetes in the family, being overweight and lack of exercise are just some of those factors. With this type, the body doesn’t have enough insulin or it no longer reacts to it like it should. By adopting a healthier lifestyle and through medication, type 2 diabetes can often be reversed. A few people with this type of diabetes have to inject themselves with insulin.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DIABETES TYPE 1 EN TYPE 2?
The big difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is how the disease develops. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body no longer produces insulin itself. Type 1 is also called juvenile diabetes because it often develops at a young age. In this respect, it differs from diabetes type 2. Diabetes type 2 often develops later in life and is also called an old age disease. Heredity plays a greater role in type 2 diabetes than in type 1. Factors such as little exercise, poor eating habits are also relevant in type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can in some cases (in part) be cured. Unfortunately, no cure is yet possible for type 1 diabetes.