Diabetes is about more than just counting carbohydrates and spraying for them. There are many other factors that affect your blood sugar levels. One factor that women have to deal with every month is menstruation.
AN UNDEREXPOSED SUBJECT
Unfortunately, the subject of menstruation and diabetes is still regularly skipped in the hospital. Some women even said that their health care provider denies that menstruation can affect your blood sugar levels. And while the effects are different for everyone, many women definitely notice!
DIABETES AND YOUR MENSTRUATION CYCLE
The influence that menstruation has on your diabetes has everything to do with hormones. A menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days, during which time different hormones alternate. Some of these affect your blood sugar levels.
Two weeks before your period starts, the hormone estrogen drops significantly in a short time. Progesterone then increases. In the last week before your period, the amount of estrogen is at its lowest. The progesterone level then goes back to low. Progesterone often makes you less sensitive to insulin. You may also notice that you have higher blood sugar levels before your period.
At the start of your period, the progesterone level has completely dropped again and the estrogen starts to increase again. Many women have very low blood sugar levels during the first two days of their period, because they are more sensitive to insulin. After two days, the extra sensitivity decreases again.
WHAT DO YOU BRAND?
You may also notice the opposite. For example, that you need more insulin during your period. To find out how the cycle affects your blood sugar levels, you can keep a diary. There are several apps that you can use to track your cycle. Then you can see if you see a pattern in your cycle and the effect on your blood sugar levels. It is also interesting to take a look at a chart that shows what the most important hormones do during your cycle.
DOES DIABETES ALSO INFLUENCE YOUR MENSTRUATION?
Your period therefore influences your diabetes. But it also applies the other way around. Your diabetes can also affect your menstrual cycle. Research from 2003 found that people with diabetes are more likely to have irregular and unpredictable cycles. Women with type 1 are more likely to have longer cycles and heavier and longer periods. The healthier your blood sugar levels are, the less problems you have.
In addition, a changing cycle can also be a sign that something is wrong with your body. For example, it sometimes happens that women who have not yet discovered that they have diabetes, do not have their period for a period because the high blood sugars disrupt the functioning of the body. It often starts again after the diagnosis.
Do you notice changes in your blood sugar levels around your period?